PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF INDIAN CRICKET TEAM USING TABLEAU

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post

The Indian Cricket Team has been at the top of their game in the last decade, especially, in white-ball cricket. This can be backed up by their position in the ICC World Ranking, where they stand second in ODIs and third in the T20 format. So, what makes the Men in Blue successful? To answer this, the present analysis was carried out using Tableau, a powerful Data visualization Tool, on the performance of the Indian players. The two-year data (January 2018- January 20200 was collected from ESPN Cricinfo. The selection of players was based on the minimum criteria of a 3-match stint. Note that since the total number of matches each player played was different, hence, the average of all variables was considered. The whole numbers displayed on the bar graphs indicate the position of the players.

If you are interested in diving into the data, then check out this link:

BATSMEN

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 1. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the batting averages of the Indian batsmen at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, KL Rahul and Virat Kohli show the highest batting average at home when they bat first. While in the away matches, Shikhar Dhawan and Rohit Sharma take on the first two spots when they bat first. Interestingly, Kohli’s batting average drops by half when he bats first in the away games. Kohli and Dhawan stand at the top, respectively, when they bat second at home matches. Kohli retains the position even at away matches but Dhawan is replaced by Sharma when batting second. Fascinatingly, Kohli’s batting average almost doubles when he chases at home as well as away matches.

In ODIs, Dhawan and Sharma display the highest batting average at home when they bat first. While in the away matches, Kohli and Dhawan take on the first two spots when they bat first. Interestingly, Rahul has displayed an exceptional consistency with a high batting average when the team bats first in both home and away games. Kohli and Sharma stand at the top, respectively, when they bat second at home matches. Kohli and Sharma retain their positions even at away matches while batting second. Another interesting fact is that Kohli’s batting average shoots up when the team chases at home while Rohit retains his batting average at home regardless of the team batting first or chasing.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 2. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the average number of boundaries hit by Indian batsmen at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, Virat Kohli and Rohit Sharma have the highest average number of sixes while KL Rahul and Shikhar Dhawan possess the highest average number of fours at home. While in the away matches, KL Rahul and Rohit Sharma take on the first two spots having the highest average number of sixes. Dhawan and Rohit stand at the top, respectively, possessing the highest average number of fours. Fascinatingly, Kohli displays double the average of sixes when compared to Sharma in home matches.

In ODIs, Rohit Sharma and Rishabh Pant display the highest average number of sixes while Kohli and Sharma possess the highest average number of fours at home. While in the away matches, Rohit Sharma and Shreyas Iyer take on the first two spots having the highest average number of sixes. Dhawan and Kohli stand at the top, respectively, possessing the highest average number of fours. Interestingly, Rohit Sharma displays a high average of boundaries at home and away matches.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 3. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate average strike rates of Indian batsmen at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, Virat Kohli and KL Rahul have the highest average strike rate at home. While in the away matches, Hardik Pandya and Dinesh Karthik take on the first two spots having the highest average strike rate. Fascinatingly, Kohli’s average strike rate dips significantly in away matches while Pant’s strike rate is quite low for a T20 player in both home and away matches. Note that Shreyas Iyer also displays a high average strike rate at home games.

In ODIs, Rishabh Pant and Kedar Jadhav display the highest average strike rate at home. While in the away matches, Shreyas Iyer and Hardik Pandya take on the first two spots having the highest strike rate. Interestingly, Jadhav displays a high average strike rate at home and away matches.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 4. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the dismissal types of the Indian batsmen at home and away matches.

Any left-handed bowler is troublesome for a right-handed batsman based on the angle he is bowling with. To the right-handed batsman, he can bring the bowl back into him as well as take it away from him. A left-handed off-spinner makes the bowl come in with hand and then it spins away from the right-handed batsman, which can be very difficult to play. Right-arm bowlers enjoy the same advantages against left-hand batsmen that left-arms do against right-hand batsmen. Left-arm off-spinner takes the ball away from the right-hand batsman, while a right-hand off-spinner, in contrast, must have plenty of tricks to keep the batsman quiet because it’s always easier to hit the ball spinning into the batsman. In leg-spin, the number of revolutions you can exert on the ball due to wrist spin is way higher than finger-spin (off-spin). Hence, it is definitely, more difficult to play leg-spin. Keeping aside the difficulties, the basic rule to be a good batsman is to keep the head balanced and to keep the bat down with a proper angle.

All Indian batsmen regardless of the dominant hand (whether left or right), are being dismissed by mostly right-arm pacers. This does not indicate a violation of the above-mentioned logic simply because in International cricket there are more right-handed bowlers (pacers as well as spinners). Another interesting fact is that batsmen are getting knocked out by off-spinners when compared to leg-spinners as there is more number of off-spinners than leg-spinners. Also, Shikhar Dhawan is the only player who gets run-out maximum number of times regardless of the format.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 5. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the performances of Indian batsmen against opponent teams.

In the T20 format, considering all the mentioned opposition teams, Rohit Sharma, Shikhar Dhawan, Virat Kohli and KL Rahul are the top performers in one or more cases. Fascinatingly, the average runs scored by any Indian batsmen show a significant dip when playing against the ‘Kiwis’ (New Zealand).

In ODIs, considering all the mentioned opposition teams, Sharma, Dhawan, Kohli and Rahul retain their top-performing spots in one or more cases. Interestingly, Rohit Sharma has exceptionally high batting average (around 100) against Pakistan, which means that on an average, he hits a century every time he faces Pakistan. Kohli and Sharma maintain a batting average of more than 50 against most of the teams which is simply brilliant in white-ball cricket. New Zealand proves to be the Achilles’ heel of the Indian batsmen once more in this format.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 6. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the average runs scored and the average strike rates of the Indian batsmen in wins and losses at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, Virat Kohli and KL Rahul have the highest batting averages at home in a winning cause. Not to mention that Kohli, Rahul and Iyer display explosive strike rates for the same. At home, in a losing cause, Kohli and Iyer’s batting averages fall by almost half along with a sharp dip in their strike rate. Similarly, Rohit Sharma’s batting average witnesses a significant dip. While in the away matches where we win, Rohit Sharma and KL Rahul take on the first two spots having the highest batting averages with good strike rates. But Hardik Pandya turns out to be the most explosive T20 batsmen at away matches in a winning cause with a whopping strike rate of more than 300. While in the away matches’ losses, Sharma’s batting average, as well as his strike rate, take a deep plunge. Fascinatingly Dinesh Karthik maintains an explosive strike rate in both wins and losses at away matches.

In ODIs, Rohit Sharma, KL Rahul and Virat Kohli have the highest batting averages at home in a winning cause. Not to mention that Jadhav, Jadeja and Iyer have high strike rates for the same. At home in a losing cause, Sharma and Rahul’s batting averages fall by more than half along with a sharp dip in Rahul’s strike rate. Interestingly, Shikhar Dhawan has a higher batting average in losing cause. While in the away matches wins, Virat Kohli, Shreya Iyer and Rohit Sharma take on the first three spots having the highest batting averages with good strike rates. Note that Shikhar Dhawan and KL Rahul also display good batting averages and strike rates apart from these players. While in the away matches’ losses, Rahul’s batting average, as well as his strike rate, worsen to almost 0.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 7. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the Indian batsmen who contribute in successful chases (measured by average runs scored and average strike rate) at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, Virat Kohli and Shikhar Dhawan have the highest batting averages at home while chasing successfully. Not to mention that Kohli displays an explosive strike rate for the same along with Rahul and Iyer chipping in with healthy strike rates. While in the successful chases during away matches, Kohli, Sharma and Rahul take on the first three spots having the highest batting averages with equally good strike rates. A notable observation is that Dinesh Karthik has a very high strike rate during India’s successful chases at away matches.

In ODIs, Rohit Sharma and Virat Kohli have the highest batting average and strike rates at home while chasing successfully. Interestingly, Dhawan shows a poor run of form during chases at home. While in the successful chases during away matches, Virat Kohli and Rohit Sharma take on the first two spots having the highest batting averages with good strike rates. Note that Dhoni, Dhawan and Rahul also display good batting averages and strike rates apart from these players. Fascinatingly, Hardik Pandya and Kedar Jadhav have very high strike rates at away matches while chasing successfully.

BOWLERS

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 8. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate economical bowling (measured by averages of economy, dot balls and extras) by the Indian bowlers at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, Jasprit Bumrah and Deepak Chahar have the lowest average economies among pacers at home while the same is true for Washington Sundar and Ravindra Jadeja among spinners. Not to mention that Bumrah on average bowls a high amount of dot balls along with fewer extras. Also, Bhuvneshwar Kumar on average conceded the least amount of extras. This means Bumrah and Kumar rarely deviate from their good line and length. A notable observation is that Khaleel Ahmed bowls the joint highest average dot balls along with Bumrah but unlike him, Ahmed conceded the highest number of extras as well. This means Ahmed is inconsistent with his line and length. As for spinners at home, Kuldeep Yadav bowls the highest average dot balls along with significantly low extras. Sundar is the next best regarding the average dot balls and therefore Yadav bowls with good line and length. Interestingly, Jadeja’s extras have an average 0 which means he rarely bowls an extra probably due to his precise stump to stump bowling. While in away matches, Kumar, Saini and Bumrah have the lowest average economies, highest average dot balls and lowest average extras among pacers. As for spinners, Sundar and Yadav have the lowest average economies and highest average dot balls. Note that Sundar on average concedes a high number of extras in both home and away matches. Yuzvendra Chahal has the highest average economy, high average extras and low average dot balls for the same and therefore he is the least economical spinner.

In the ODIs, Bumrah and Ahmed have the lowest average economies among pacers at home while the same is true for Jadeja, Yadav and Chahal among spinners. Not to mention that Bumrah and Saini on an average bowl highest amount of dot balls along with the least number of extras. This means Bumrah and Saini rarely have a good line and length. A notable observation is that Shardul Thakur bowls the lowest average dot balls along with the highest number of extras. This means Thakur is inconsistent with his line and length. As for spinners at home, Jadeja, Yadav and Chahal bowl the highest average dot balls along with significantly low extras. Interestingly, Jadhav has the highest average economy with the least average dot balls probably because he is a part-time spinner. While in away matches, Bumrah, Kumar and Shami have the lowest average economies, highest average dot balls and lowest average extras among pacers. As for spinners, Jadeja, Yadav and Chahal have the lowest average economies and highest average dot balls. Note that Ahmed and Thakur bowl the lowest average dot balls along with the very high number of extras.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 9. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the top Indian wicket-takers (measured by averages number of wickets) at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, Chahar, Saini and Bumrah have the highest average wickets among pacers at home while the same is true for Yadav and Chahal among spinners. A notable observation is that Yadav has an extraordinarily high average number of wickets compared to the rest of the spinners probably because he belongs to the rare breed of chinaman (left arm leg spin) bowlers who are extremely difficult to pick. As for spinners at home, Sundar has the least average number of wickets to his name. While in away matches, Saini has the highest average wickets among pacers. As for spinners, Yadav once again has the highest average number of wickets. Note that Sundar and Chahal have a similar average number of wickets. Fascinatingly, Bumrah has the least average number of wickets in away matches.

In the ODIs, Ahmed, Saini and Shami have the highest average wickets among pacers at home while the same is true for Yadav and Chahal among spinners. As for spinners at home, Jadhav has the least average number of wickets to his name maybe because he only bowls part-time spin. Also, Yadav and Chahal have a similar high average number of wickets. While in away matches, Shami, Bumrah and Thakur have the highest average wickets among pacers. As for spinners, Yadav and Chahal once again have the highest average number of wickets. Note that Yadav and Chahal have a similar high average number of wickets.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 10. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the top Indian bowlers who possess wicket-taking ability by bowling consistent good line and length (measured by averages of extras and economy, bowled and Lbw) at home and away matches.

A line directed at the wicket, for example, must be defended with the bat, as failing to hit the ball will result in the batsman being out bowled, whilst a batsman blocking the ball with the body is likely to be out leg before wicket. If the batsman does not react to the change in length quickly enough, he can be left with his weight on the back foot and, if he misses the ball with his bat, in danger of being out either bowled or leg before wicket.

In the T20 format, Saini, Bumrah, Dube and Ahmed have the highest average bowled among pacers at home while the same is true for Yadav and Chahal among spinners. A notable observation is that Bumrah also has the highest average Lbw among pacers followed by the least average economy and low average extras for the same. Also, Saini, Dube and Ahmed have high average bowled but they have very high average economies with Saini and Ahmed also having high average extras. Therefore Bumrah has a high wicket-taking ability with consistent good line and length whereas Saini, Dube and Ahmed have high wicket tacking abilities but are inconsistent with their line and length. As for spinners at home, Yadav and Sundar have the highest average number of Lbw. Chahal has the highest average economy and extras. Therefore, Sundar and Yadav have a high wicket-taking ability with consistent good line and length whereas Chahal has high wicket tacking ability but is inconsistent with his line and length.While in away matches, Saini, Bumrah and Ahmed have the highest average bowled among pacers while the same is true for Sundar among spinners. A notable observation is that Saini also has the highest average Lbw among pacers followed by a low average economy and extras for the same. Also, Bumrah has a high average bowler with the lowest average economy and low average extras. Therefore Saini and Bumrah have high wicket-taking abilities with consistent good line and length whereas Ahmed has high wicket tacking ability but is inconsistent with his line and length. As for spinners in away matches, Yadav and Chahal have the highest average number of Lbw. Chahal has the highest average economy and high average extras whereas Sundar and Yadav have low average economies with Yadav having least average extras. Therefore, Sundar and Yadav have a high wicket-taking ability with consistent good line and length whereas Chahal has high wicket tacking ability but is inconsistent with his line and length

In the ODIs, Shami and Kumar have the highest average bowled among pacers at home while the same is true for Yadav and Chahal among spinners. A notable observation is that Saini, Ahmed and Bumrah also have the highest average Lbw among pacers having a low average economy and low average extras for the same. Also, Thakur has the least average bowled and Lbw but the highest average economy and extras. Therefore Bumrah, Kumar and Ahmed have a high wicket-taking ability with consistent good line and length whereas Shami and Saini have high wicket tacking abilities but are inconsistent with their line and length. As for spinners at home, Yadav and Chahal have the highest average number of Lbw. Jadhav has the highest average economy. Therefore, Yadav and Chahal have a high wicket-taking ability with consistent good line and length whereas Jadeja has less wicket tacking ability but is highly consistent with his line and length. While in away matches, Shami and Bumrah have the highest average bowled among pacers while the same is true for Yadav among spinners. A notable observation is that Bumrah also has the highest average Lbw among pacers followed by the least average economy and extras for the same. Therefore Shami and Bumrah have high wicket-taking abilities with a consistently good line. As for spinners in away matches, Chahal and Yadav have the highest average number of Lbw. Yadav has a low average economy and low average extras whereas Chahal has a higher average economy with higher average extras. Therefore, Yadav has a high wicket-taking ability with consistent good line and length whereas Chahal has high wicket tacking ability but is inconsistent with his line and length.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 11. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the top Indian go-to bowlers who successfully defend totals (measured by averages of wickets and economy) at home and away matches.

In the T20 format, Kumar has the highest average wickets and lowest average economy among pacers at away matches. A notable observation is that all other pacers have high average economies and low average wickets at away matches. Therefore, Kumar is the go-to pace bowler to successfully defend a total. Since all other bowlers have poor performance while defending, India has been losing a lot of T20 matches when it comes to bowling second. While defending a total at away matches, Chahal has high average wickets but equally high average economy among spinners. Chahal is the go-to spin bowler to successfully defend at away matches.

In the ODIs, Shami has the highest average wickets and Bumrah has the lowest average economy among pacers at home. As for spinners at home, Yadav has the highest average wickets along with a low average economy with Jadeja. While defending a total at away matches, Bumrah and Shami have the highest average wickets and lowest average economies. As for spinners, Yadav and Chahal have the highest average wickets along with the lowest average economies.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 12. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the performances of Indian bowlers against opponent teams.

The performance of Indian bowlers against any opposition team should be measured by taking into account the fact the given bowler should have high average wickets and a low average economy concerning that particular opponent.

In the T20 format, for example against Bangladesh, Chahar and Chahal are the top performers among pacers and spinners respectively. If you consider West Indies as the opposition, Saini and Chahar among pacers while Yadav and Chahal among spinners are the top performers.

In ODIs, for example against NZ, Shami and Kumar among pacers while Yadav and Chahal among spinners are the top performers. If you consider South Africa, Bumrah among pacers while Yadav and Chahal among spinners are the top performers. Fascinatingly, Yadav and Chahal are consistently the top performing spinners while Bumrah is consistently the top performing pacer in the ODIs against all the considered oppositions. Kumar and Shami are the next best-performing pacers in ODIs.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Figure 13. The top (20-over format) and the bottom (50-over format) graphs indicate the comparative analysis of deceptiveness (measured by averages of bowled, Lbw and stumped) of Indian spinners at home and away matches.

Off spin is much easier to control compared to wrist spin. So, while it’s easier to control runs with off-spin, wicket-taking is much more difficult than leg-spin. That’s why, the off-spinners that have been successful had/have a lot of variations (arm ball, doosra, teesra, carrom ball) because without them they become predictable. Leg-spin variations are googly/wrong‘un, slider, flipper, top spin, etc. Left-arm leg-spin (chinaman)-This special type of bowler imparts unorthodox spin to the ball, turning the ball into a right-arm batsman (much like a right arm off-spinner) rather than conventional left-arm leg-spin which turns the ball away from a right-hand batsman. This a rare type and is considered to be more dangerous than right-arm leg-spin because of the sharp turn it generates into a right-hander or away from the left-hander. In the T20 format, Yadav has the highest average number of wickets with deception among spinners at home including the highest average bowled, Lbw and stumped. Sundar holds the second spot. While in away matches, Yadav and Sundar again have the highest average number of wickets with deception among spinners.

In ODIs, both Yadav and Chahal have the highest average wickets with deception among spinners while playing at home. In away matches, Yadav, Chahal, and Jadeja are equally good with their average wickets with deception almost the same.

CONCLUSION

The analysis based on various parameters was performed to determine the best playing XI as Team India. The factors taken into consideration to form the team are batting average, boundaries, strike rate, bowling economy, wicket-taking ability, their line and length and the deceptive nature of spinners. Other factors taken into account are the number of wins and successful chases by the batsmen and successful defence of total by the bowlers. Based on the last two-year performance leading to the above observations, the T20 and ODI formats should consist of the following players:

T20 Playing XI

Rohit Sharma, KL Rahul(wk), Virat Kohli(c), Shreyas Iyer, Dinesh Kartik, Hardik Pandya, Washington Sundar, Navdeep Saini, Jaspreet Bumrah, Deepak Chahar, Kuldeep Yadav.

ODI Playing XI

Rohit Sharma, Shikhar Dhawan, Virat Kohli(c), Shreyas Iyer, KL Rahul(wk), Ravindra Jadeja/Hardik Pandya, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Mohammed Shami, Jaspreet Bumrah, Yuzvendra Chahal, Kuldeep Yadav.

RECOMMENDATIONS

Following the defeat of India in the 2019-World Cup match between India and England, Kuldeep Yadav and Yuzvendra Chahal have not been brought together in the team at the same time. This seemed to be an isolated incident. Hence, based on the analysis, the team should incorporate the two in the ODI playing eleven. The two very capable leg-spinners have the ability to pick wickets in the middle overs to put pressure on the opponent. Also, Khaleel Ahmed, a left-arm fast bowler (a rare commodity in Indian pace attack) seems to be a promising pick if he manages to possess consistent line and length. In addition, in the ODIs, if the pitch possesses assistance for spinners then Ravindra Jadeja will be a good choice and if otherwise, Pandya will be the right pick.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store